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Globalization and Domestic PoliticsParties, Elections, and Public Opinion$
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Jack Vowles and Georgios Xezonakis

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198757986

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757986.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 November 2021

The Supply Side of Electoral Politics

The Supply Side of Electoral Politics

How Globalization Matters for Party Strategies

(p.31) 2 The Supply Side of Electoral Politics
Globalization and Domestic Politics

Timothy Hellwig

Oxford University Press

Does globalization matter for how parties act? This chapter advances a pair of claims for how the international economy affects the strategies of political parties and their responsiveness. The first pertains to how globalization shapes party decisions to move to the ‘left’ or the ‘right’ in policy space. The second assesses whether globalization limits party tendencies to respond in kind to shifts in public opinion. Analysis of party positions from forty‐six elections from twenty‐two democracies shows that globalization’s impact on party behaviour is both direct and indirect. Consistent with an efficiency thesis, exposure to the world economy shifts party positions to the right, towards more neo‐liberal policy positions. But the convergence thesis suggests that globalization also pushes party competitors to pursue a more similar set of policies, converging around the preferences of the mean voter. Further analyses show how these relationships vary across party types, party experiences, and country contexts.

Keywords:   globalization, political parties, responsiveness, efficiency thesis, convergence thesis, mean voter

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