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Rising China's Influence in Developing Asia$
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Evelyn Goh

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198758518

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758518.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 January 2022

China’s Influence Over Vietnam in War and Peace

China’s Influence Over Vietnam in War and Peace

(p.80) 4 China’s Influence Over Vietnam in War and Peace
Rising China's Influence in Developing Asia

Cheng Guan Ang

Oxford University Press

This chapter studies China’s influence over Vietnam in vital issues of war and peace. Drawing on the international historical record of the Indochina wars, it identifies the most salient issues or turning points in the bilateral relationship spanning alliance and enmity, and tests each for Chinese influence. The author finds that Vietnam resisted many Chinese attempts to prevail over its key wartime decisions, and that China was only able to influence Vietnam at times when Vietnam was vulnerable and bereft of countervailing forces to deflect Chinese pressure. This trend continued into the post-war period, and in the contemporary relationship, China wields growing indirect and structural influence, particularly as their economic and developmental imperatives converge. In both the security and economic dimensions, Vietnam constantly seeks ‘a countervailing force to equalise an otherwise asymmetrical relationship’, be it membership in regional institutions or strategic relations with other great powers.

Keywords:   Vietnam, China, power to prevail, Vietnam War, Sino–Vietnam War, preference multiplying, South China Sea

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