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Rising China's Influence in Developing Asia$
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Evelyn Goh

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198758518

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758518.001.0001

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The Domestic Mediations of China’s Influence in the Philippines

The Domestic Mediations of China’s Influence in the Philippines

(p.101) 5 The Domestic Mediations of China’s Influence in the Philippines
Rising China's Influence in Developing Asia

Aileen S. P. Baviera

Oxford University Press

This chapter unpacks the complex domestic dynamics that mediate Chinese influence in the Philippines using three significant cases—the 2004–8 ‘Joint Maritime Seismic Undertaking’ (JMSU) for exploration of resources in the South China Sea; the 2006 controversy over Chinese involvement in the development of the National Broadband Network (NBN); and the standoff between Filipino and Chinese ships at the disputed Scarborough Shoal in the South China Sea during April to June 2012. Paying detailed attention to the machinations of individual policy-makers and establishment figures, domestic political factions, and interest groups within Manila, the chapter fleshes out the mechanisms by which China’s ‘preference multiplier’ mode of influence operates in practice. It shows how Chinese state and corporate entities can reinforce particular Philippine elite preferences; how Chinese inducement operates through networks of patronage in the host-country; and how the degree of Chinese influence depends upon these very domestic dynamics.

Keywords:   Philippines, China, influence, preference multiplying, South China Sea, joint development, Scarborough Shoal, National Broadband Network, corruption, patronage

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