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The Irish Classical SelfPoets and Poor Scholars in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries$
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Laurie O’Higgins

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198767107

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198767107.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 September 2021

The Educational Tide Turns

The Educational Tide Turns

(p.141) 6 The Educational Tide Turns
The Irish Classical Self

Laurie O’Higgins

Oxford University Press

This chapter places classical hedge schools in the context of the momentous educational reforms of the early ninteenth century, amid the tumult of the so-called Second Reformation. These reforms generated massive data (notably returns to British government questionnaires in 1824 and 1834) which give context, and a sense of scale to the picture of schools and of intellectuals being assembled here. They also show something of the cultural gulf between evaluators and evaluated, if one compares government findings with independent evidence. Because the national schools inspired such strong reactions in subsequent writers on Irish education, it is important to assess their genesis, the motivations of those involved in the process, and particularly the way in which languages were impacted by the new system. The townland of Pobble O’Keefe provides a telling set of interactions.

Keywords:   Second Reformation, Pobble O’Keefe, British government questionnaire, hedge school, national school

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