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Sharing the Costs and Benefits of Energy and Resource ActivityLegal Change and Impact on Communities$
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Lila Barrera-Hernández, Barry Barton, Lee Godden, Alastair Lucas, and Anita Rønne

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198767954

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198767954.001.0001

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Legal Regulation of NIMBY Conflict in China

Legal Regulation of NIMBY Conflict in China

(p.371) 21 Legal Regulation of NIMBY Conflict in China
Sharing the Costs and Benefits of Energy and Resource Activity

Wang Mingyuan

Li Bin

Oxford University Press

This chapter elaborates on the internal mechanism for occurrence of ‘NIMBY conflicts’ in China. The ‘NIMBY conflict’—a social conflict caused by neighbouring residents boycotting the planned construction of public utilities—is one of the key features of the ‘New Environmental Movement’ in China. China’s traditional environmental movements began in 1973 as a type of ‘top-down’ environmental protection activity with weak grass-roots foundations. With continuing economic and social development and environmental deterioration—along with an increasing environmental awareness among Chinese citizens—grass-roots appeals for environmental protection have since become more popular. Thus, ‘bottom-up’ mechanisms, such as ‘NIMBY conflict’, have begun to play an important role in environmental protection. China’s ‘New Environmental Movement’, therefore, features environmental protection combining both the ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’ patterns.

Keywords:   NIMBY conflict, social conflict, public utilities, China, environmental movements, New Environmental Movement, environmental protection

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