Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek ReligionVolume I: Early Greek Religion$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Andrej Petrovic and Ivana Petrovic

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198768043

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768043.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2020

Empedocles on Inner Pollution and Purity

Empedocles on Inner Pollution and Purity

Release from Suffering, Prayer, and Mental Exercise

Chapter:
(p.78) 4 Empedocles on Inner Pollution and Purity
Source:
Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion
Author(s):

Andrej Petrovic

Ivana Petrovic

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768043.003.0005

Chapter 4 discusses Empedocles, c. 490–430 BC, who relates that the inner, daemonic part of living creatures is in a permanent state of pollution. This pollution, which Empedocles labels kakotes has a strong moral element. Fragments B 112; 115; 126; 127; 128; 136; 137; 144; 145 DK are discussed, in which the narrator relates that he, once a god, was demoted to a daimon and treated as polluted by all elements because he had committed murder and broken an oath. Empedocles had witnessed the reign of Aphrodite (Fr. B 128 DK), and claims that humans have since forgotten that, because of transmigration, every killing is murder. Empedocles infers that humans must change their lifestyle and their religious practices. Empedocles’ prayer to the Muse (Fr. B 3 DK), in which the narrator’s mind and mouth are ritually purified by the gods, and Fr. B 110 DK are interpreted as the request for obtaining and maintaining inner purity.

Keywords:   Empedocles, daimon, sacrifice, murder, killing, pollution, kakotes, badness, oath, amplakia, transgression’, soul, transmigration

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .