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The Politics of Culture in Quattrocento EuropeRené of Anjou in Italy$
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Oren Margolis

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198769323

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769323.001.0001

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Janus Pannonius and the Politics of Humanist Literature

Janus Pannonius and the Politics of Humanist Literature

Chapter:
(p.68) 2 Janus Pannonius and the Politics of Humanist Literature
Source:
The Politics of Culture in Quattrocento Europe
Author(s):

Oren Margolis

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769323.003.0003

When Hungarian humanist Janus Pannonius presented his Carmen pro pacanda Italia to Emperor Frederick III at Ferrara in 1452, he was offering a work rich in Angevin political impact. Yet this impact is missed if the poem is seen merely as propaganda. Its intended audience was the hyper-literate elite who would understand the real meaning of Pannonius’s text. A description of the circumstances in Ferrara and of the text itself leads to a discussion of the Carmen’s political context, the connections it brought to life by tapping into well-known cultural reserves (such as the Guelph cult of Scipio Africanus), and the patronage of René’s Venetian ally Jacopo Antonio Marcello. Discussions follow of the Carmen’s literary context, particularly a related panegyric of René, and social context, especially as relates to the network around the school of Guarino of Verona. These poems were political literature, but in a way that is distinct from the conventional meaning of that term.

Keywords:   humanism, Janus Pannonius, Guarino of Verona, Emperor Frederick III, Scipio Africanus, panegyric, Jacopo Antonio Marcello, Ferrara

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