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Lawyers at PlayLiterature, Law, and Politics at the Early Modern Inns of Court, 1558-1581$
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Jessica Winston

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198769422

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769422.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 09 March 2021

Translatio Studii in Early Elizabethan England

Translatio Studii in Early Elizabethan England

(p.99) 4 Translatio Studii in Early Elizabethan England
Lawyers at Play

Jessica Winston

Oxford University Press

In the first half of Elizabeth’s reign, spanning from 1558 to 1581, over sixty Latin and Greek texts were translated into and printed in English. Surveying these translations, the chapter argues that translations assisted members of the Inns in the move from educational to professional life, allowing them to make the skills and materials of their earlier educational experiences useful to this transition. Looking at translations of Cicero, the chapter argues that translators viewed their activity as a service to the commonweal, specifically as a way of transferring the former political and intellectual dominance of Greece and Rome to England. By importing the cultural power and learning of ancient empires, translation could catalyse men looking for positions in the state into contributing members of the commonweal. The chapter concludes with a discussion of literacy rates and readership, and the influence of early Elizabethan translations in the later Elizabethan period.

Keywords:   early Elizabethan, Inns of Court, classical translations, survey, education, professional career, commonweal, translations of Cicero, literacy rates, readership

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