Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Milton in the Long Restoration$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Blair Hoxby and Ann Baynes Coiro

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198769774

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769774.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 January 2022

Haak’s Milton

Haak’s Milton

(p.379) 20 Haak’s Milton
Milton in the Long Restoration

Nigel Smith

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the first translation of Milton’s Paradise Lost into any language: Theodor Haak’s German version of Books 1–3 and the beginning of Book 4, which remained unprinted until 1962, known to very few, and made soon after Milton’s epic first appeared in print. The translation is explored in the light of Haak’s experience as Milton’s friend, as secretary and diplomat for Parliament and the Commonwealth, as translator of biblical scholarship, and as natural philosopher. Haak’s translation, which introduces blank verse to the German language, heightens the sense of infernal rebellion in the poem, making God appear demonic to the fallen angels, while also converting Milton’s investment in ancient mythology to natural landscape description. Haak understood Milton’s aims and values very well, and rendered them in a German consistent with the ‘new science’ and, in some, continuity with more recent innovation in German poetry: a truly ‘Gothic’ entity.

Keywords:   commonwealth, diplomacy, German, Gothic, natural philosophy, Paradise Lost, rebellion, Satan, translation, transnational relations

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .