This chapter examines six fundamental political issues in the political transformation process which were significant for enterprise management. The first is the treatment of the ancien régime and the tension between de-Communization and depoliticization. The second is the process of regime legitimation and the development of a ‘civic culture’ capable of supporting new political institutions. Thirdly, there is the creation of national political parties, capable of building coherent political platforms and establishing links between national and local political aspirations. The fourth issue is the development of intermediary organizations such as environmental and consumer groups, employers' organizations, and trade unions capable of providing the infrastructure for pluralist democracy. The fifth issue is the establishment of orderly relations and a balance of power between the executive and the legislature. Finally, the chapter examines the fostering of local democracy and political involvement through the decentralization of authority and responsibility.
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