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Manufacturing TransformationComparative Studies of Industrial Development in Africa and Emerging Asia$

Carol Newman, John Page, John Rand, Abebe Shimeles, Måns Söderbom, and Finn Tarp

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198776987

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198776987.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 July 2021

(p.xix) List of Abbreviations

(p.xix) List of Abbreviations

Manufacturing Transformation
Oxford University Press


    Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme Fund


    Agency for the Development and Supervision of SMEs

  • ADLI

    Agricultural Development Led Industrialization

  • AERC

    African Economic Research Consortium

  • AFI

    Industrial Land Agency

  • AGOA

    Africa Growth and Opportunity Act

  • AIMO

    Associação Industrial de Moçambique

  • ANSD

    National Agency of Statistics and Demography

  • API

    Industrial Promotion Agency

  • APIX

    Investment Promotion and Major Projects Agency


    Association of Southeast Asian Nations


    Senegalese Export Creation Agency

  • ATL

    Akosombo Textile Limited

  • BAF

    Business Assistance Fund

  • BIS

    Basic Industrial Strategy

  • BoI

    Bank of Industry

  • BPE

    Bureau of Public Enterprises

  • BRIC

    Brazil, Russia, India, and China

  • BTA

    bilateral trade agreement

  • CADI

    (AIMO’s) Industrial Development Advisory Centre

  • CBN

    Central Bank of Nigeria

  • CDC

    Council for the Development of Cambodia

  • CDRI

    Cambodia Development Resource Institute

  • CEFP

    Committee for Economic and Financial Policy


    Export Promotion Centre

  • CET

    common external tariff

  • CIEM

    Central Institute for Economic Management (Vietnam)


    Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (p.xx)

  • CPP

    Convention Peoples Party

  • CSA

    Central Statistics Agency

  • CSAE

    Centre for the Study of African Economies

  • CSES

    Cambodia’s Socio-Economic Surveys

  • CUCI

    Centre Unique de Collecte de Information

  • DAC

    Development Assistance Committee

  • DERG

    Development Economics Research Group

  • EAC

    East African Community

  • EAS

    East African Strategy

  • EBA

    Everything but Arms

  • EC

    Economic Census

  • ECA

    Economic Commission for Africa

  • ECBP

    Engineering Capacity Building Program


    Economic Community of West African States

  • EDM

    Electricidade de Moçambique

  • EDRI

    Ethiopian Development Research Institute

  • EFCC

    Economic and Financial Crimes Commission

  • EIC

    Economic Institute of Cambodia


    Ethiopian Leather and Leather Products Technology Institute

  • EPRC

    Economic Policy Research Centre


    Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front

  • EPZ

    Export Processing Zones

  • ERP

    Economic Recovery Programme

  • ERS

    Economic Recovery Strategy

  • ERS

    Export Rebate System


    Economic Recovery and Structural Adjustment Programme

  • ESAF

    Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility


    2001 Senegalese Household Survey

  • ESAP

    Economic and Social Action Programme

  • EU-ACP

    European Union-African Caribbean and Pacific

  • EZ

    economic zone

  • FBT

    food, beverages, and tobacco

  • FDI

    foreign direct investment

  • FFYP

    First Five-year Plan

  • FI

    Federation of Industry

  • FIA

    Foreign Investment Agency (p.xxi)


    Water Supply Investment and Assets Fund

  • FOB

    free on board

  • Frelimo

    Mozambique Liberation Front

  • FTA

    free trade agreement

  • FTZ

    free trade zones


    Fund for Small and Medium Scale Enterprises Development

  • GATT

    General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

  • GDP

    gross domestic product

  • GEMS

    Governance and Economic Management Support

  • GFZB

    Ghana Free Zones Board


    Ghana Trade and Investment Gateway

  • GIC

    Ghana Investment Centre

  • GMAC

    Garment Manufacturers Association in Cambodia

  • GPRS

    Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategies

  • G-PSF

    Government–Private Sector Forum

  • GRS

    General Retention Scheme

  • GSLI

    (Kearney’s) Global Services Location Index

  • GSP

    global social product

  • GSP

    generalized system preference

  • GTMC

    Ghana Textile Manufacturing Company

  • GTP

    Growth and Transformation Plan

  • Ha


  • HCMC

    Ho Chi Minh City

  • ICS

    Investment Climate Survey

  • ICT

    information and communications technology

  • IDS

    Industrial Development Strategy

  • IFIs

    international financial institutions

  • IGC

    International Growth Centre

  • IIDS

    Integrated Industrial Development Strategy

  • ILO

    International Labour Organization

  • IMF

    International Monetary Fund


    Institute for the Promotion of micro, small, and medium enterprises

  • IPS

    Industrial Policy and Strategy

  • IS

    import substitution

  • ISI

    import substitution industrialization

  • ISIC

    International Standard Industrial Classification (p.xxii)


    Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research

  • IZ

    industrial zones

  • JVC

    joint venture companies


    Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis

  • LIDI

    Leather Industry Development Institute

  • LPG

    liquefied petroleum gas

  • M&E

    monitoring and evaluation

  • M3

    broad money

  • MAFF

    Ministry of Agri, Forestry & Fisheries

  • MDA

    ministries, departments, and agencies

  • MDGs

    Millennium Development Goals

  • MFA

    multi-fibre arrangement

  • MFI

    micro-finance institutes

  • MFN

    most favoured nation

  • MGS

    Maximum Growth Strategy


    Ministry of Higher Education Scientific Research and Technology

  • MIGA

    Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

  • MLSM

    medium and large-scale manufacturing

  • MoFED

    Ministry of Finance and Economic Cooperation

  • MoT

    Ministry of Tourism

  • MoTI

    Ministry of Trade and Industry

  • MPLA

    Angolan Liberation Popular Movement

  • MS

    Mixed Strategy

  • MSE

    micro and small enterprise

  • MSMEs

    micro, small, and medium enterprises

  • MTTI

    Ministry of Trade, Tourism and Industry (Uganda)

  • MUB

    Manufacturing under Bond

  • NARC

    National Rainbow Coalition

  • NBC

    National Bank of Cambodia

  • NBS

    National Bureau of Statistics

  • n.e.c.

    not else classified

  • NEC

    National Economic Council


    National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy


    Nigeria Export Processing Zone Authority


    National Economic Reconstruction Fund

  • NESP

    National Economic Survival Programme (p.xxiii)

  • NIE

    newly industrialized economies

  • NIP

    National Industrial Policy

  • NIPC

    Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission Act

  • NIS

    National Institute of Statistics


    Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research

  • NLC

    National Liberation Council

  • NPA

    new agricultural policy

  • NPI

    new industrial policy

  • NSDP

    National Strategic Development Plan

  • NTR

    normalized trade relationship

  • ODA

    official development assistance

  • OECD

    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

  • OPIC

    Overseas Private Investment Corporation


    Plan of Action for Sustainable Development and Eradication of Poverty

  • PCS

    community solidarity levy

  • PEED

    Private Enterprises and Export Development

  • PMAC

    Provisional Military Administrative Council

  • PMI

    Industrial Modernization Programme

  • PODE

    (WB’s) Private Sector Development Program

  • PPP

    purchasing power parity

  • PRE

    Economic Rehabilitation Program

  • PRES

    Social and Economic Rehabilitation Program

  • PRI

    industrial redeployment policy

  • PRK

    People’s Republic of Kampuchea

  • PRSP

    Poverty Reduction Strategy Programme

  • R&D

    research and development

  • RGC

    Royal Government of Cambodia


    Raw Materials Research and Development Council

  • RS

    statistical tax

  • S&T

    science and technology

  • SADC

    South African Development Community

  • SALs

    structural adjustment loans

  • SAPs

    structural adjustment programmes

  • SCA

    Accelerated Growth Strategy


    Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Program

  • SDR

    special drawing rights (p.xxiv)

  • SEDS

    Socio-Economic Development Strategy

  • SEM

    South and East Mediterranean


    Senegal National Electricity Company

  • SEZs

    special economic zones

  • SFYP

    Second Five-year Plan

  • SGER

    State of the Ghana Economy

  • SIDP

    Sustainable Industrial Development Policy

  • SME

    small and medium enterprise


    Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency of Nigeria


    National Social and Economic Development Strategy

  • SOEs

    state-owned enterprises

  • SON

    Standards Organization of Nigeria


    National Company for Industrial Research and Development

  • SPA

    Seven Point Agenda

  • SSA(n)

    sub-Saharan Africa(n)

  • SSM

    Survey on Small-scale Manufacturing

  • SSRS

    Small-scale Rural Strategy

  • STC

    State Trading Corporation

  • STPI

    Software Technology Parks of India

  • TAI

    Textile and Apparel Institute

  • TCI

    special import tax

  • TCL

    textiles, clothing, and leather

  • TDP

    digressive protection tax

  • TFP

    total factor productivity

  • TIDI

    Textile Industry Development Institute

  • TIP

    Trade and Investment Programme


    Tanzania Industrial Research Development Organization

  • TWF

    textiles, wearing apparel, and footwear

  • TYP

    three-year development plan

  • UIA

    Ugandan Investment Authority

  • UN

    United Nations


    UN Conference on Trade and Development

  • UNDP

    UN Development Programme


    UN Industrial Development Organization


    UN University World Institute for Development Economics Research


    United States Patent and Trademark Office (p.xxv)

  • VES

    Vietnamese Enterprise Survey

  • WAMU

    West African Monetary Union


    West African Economic and Monetary Union

  • WB

    World Bank

  • WTO

    World Trade Organization

  • WWI

    First World War

  • WWII

    Second World War

  • ZFID

    Dakar Industrial Free Trade Zone