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Selfhood and the SoulEssays on Ancient Thought and Literature in Honour of Christopher Gill$
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Richard Seaford, John Wilkins, and Matthew Wright

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777250

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777250.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 September 2021

The Essence of Rage

The Essence of Rage

Galen on Emotional Disturbances and their Physical Correlates

(p.161) 9 The Essence of Rage
Selfhood and the Soul

P.N. Singer

Oxford University Press

In Galen’s psychology, a post-Platonist ethical-behavioural model sits alongside physical and physiological explanations deriving from medicine and biology; and it is not always clear how the different models are harmonized. This chapter explores the problem by focusing on one particular are of his psycho physical theory, his account of the relationship between soul and body in a range of emotionally disturbed states (e.g. anger, distress, shame) which involve the heart and the blood. It explores the significance—philosophical, philosophical-historical, diagnostic—of Galen’s claim of the priority of the physical in such states. Through close consideration of a number of relevant texts, light is shed on a neglected area of Galen’s medical-philosophical thought, at the same time helping to illuminate the problematic question of Galen’s ‘models of the soul’ more generally.

Keywords:   Galen, soul, psychology, mind-body problem, Platonism, ancient medicine

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