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Res Publica and the Roman Republic'Without Body or Form'$
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Louise Hodgson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777380

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777380.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 July 2021

Res Publica Ipsa

Res Publica Ipsa

(p.105) 4 Res Publica Ipsa
Res Publica and the Roman Republic

Louise Hodgson

Oxford University Press

Chapter 4 focuses on Cicero’s consulship in 63, during which Cicero used his responsibility for managing the res publica to shut down agrarian legislation and a politicized trial (De Lege Agraria 1–3, Pro Rabirio Perduellionis), defined res publica in terms of political structures (Agr. 2.88–9), gave res publica an explicit geographical location (Agr. 1.18–19), spearheaded a sporadic outbreak of violence in defence of the res publica (Catilinarians 1–4), constructed the rhetorical fiction of a unified res publica that expelled Catiline from the city (Cat. 1.27–30), and ended on an uneasy note (Cat. 4). After 63, the triumphalism of Pro Sulla transmuted into the rhetorical fiction of the Post Reditum and De Domo Sua speeches, which threw the res publica into exile along with Cicero and later brought it back with him. Meanwhile the relationship Cicero constructs for Pompey and the res publica in the post-exile speeches foreshadows the Augustan principate.

Keywords:   res publica, Cicero, consul, De Lege Agraria, Pro Rabirio Perduellionis, Catilinarian Conspiracy, Pro Sulla, Post Reditum, De Domo Sua, Pompey

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