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Res Publica and the Roman Republic'Without Body or Form'$
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Louise Hodgson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777380

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777380.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 July 2021

Res Publica Reciperata

Res Publica Reciperata

(p.163) 5 Res Publica Reciperata
Res Publica and the Roman Republic

Louise Hodgson

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 deals with the civil wars of the 40s and argues that whereas the ‘Republicans’ positioned themselves as defending the res publica even after the evacuation of Italy, Caesar restricted himself to administering a res publica that remained firmly in Rome. The disjunction between these two versions left those uncommitted to either side (like Cicero) in a state of despair, especially after the ‘Republican’ armies were defeated. After Caesar’s death, the ‘Liberators’ appealed to the libera res publica, a phrase that expresses a specific political condition for the public sphere they wanted to recover from the wreckage: freedom. Cicero, meanwhile, provided more detailed recommendations in the First Philippic. His recommendations were undermined, however, by his attempts to get around the misbehaviour of his preferred champions by resorting to the rhetorical res publica in later speeches.

Keywords:   res publica, Republicans, Caesar, Cicero, Liberators, freedom, First Philippic, civil war

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