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Legislative Institutions and Lawmaking in Latin America$
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Eduardo Alemán and George Tsebelis

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777861

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777861.001.0001

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Agenda Setting and Gridlock in a Multi-Party Coalitional Presidential System

Agenda Setting and Gridlock in a Multi-Party Coalitional Presidential System

The Case of Brazil

(p.61) 3 Agenda Setting and Gridlock in a Multi-Party Coalitional Presidential System
Legislative Institutions and Lawmaking in Latin America

Taeko Hiroi

Lucio R. Rennó

Oxford University Press

Does the concentration of agenda-setting powers in the president and the governing coalition in the legislature help to overcome institutional and political hindrances to lawmaking in Brazil? This chapter addresses this question by examining various legislative data, including legislative proposals considered by the Brazilian Congress, roll call votes, and obstructionist movements. It describes the various rules affecting legislative decision-making and the complexities involved in reaching coalition agreements. It also evaluates whether distinct configurations of the governing and opposition coalitions and their internal unity affect the processing of legislative bills. Hence, it provides a test for how agenda setting powers offset potential complexities of the legislative process that could stimulate gridlock and obstructionism.

Keywords:   Brazil, agenda setting, gridlock, obstructionism, coalitions, legislative rules, bill approval, amendments

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