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History of UniversitiesVolume XXIX / 1$
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Mordechai Feingold

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198779919

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779919.001.0001

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Eclecticism as a Vibrant Philosophical Program: Claude Bérigard and Mauro Mancini on the University of Pisa

Eclecticism as a Vibrant Philosophical Program: Claude Bérigard and Mauro Mancini on the University of Pisa

Chapter:
Eclecticism as a Vibrant Philosophical Program: Claude Bérigard and Mauro Mancini on the University of Pisa
Source:
History of Universities
Author(s):

Renée Raphael

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779919.003.0001

This chapter discusses the prevalence of eclecticism in Europe during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It looks at how historians view eclecticism—the amalgamation of ancient and modern philosophy—as an option of last resort, a disingenuous compromise, or even the result of intellectual laziness; and argues for a contrary vision through a case study of the teaching materials of two professors of the University of Pisa. The notes reveal how professors relied on novel speculation to renovate and reformulate traditional philosophical teaching. For the professors, the university as the intellectual landscape was a site where old doctrine was revived and reformulated in response to the new. They engaged in updating Aristotle by bringing contemporary speculation to bear on his writings, which were seen as a worthy and noble endeavour, one which allowed interlocutors to join in a long-running scholarly conversation with roots in antiquity.

Keywords:   eclecticism, Europe, sixteenth century, seventeenth century, amalgamation, ancient philosophy, modern philosophy, University of Pisa, philosophical teaching

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