This chapter argues for and emphasizes the importance of understanding modern university theology as rooted, at least partly, in humanistic traditions that reached back to the early modern and Renaissance periods, and, in places, to Aristotle and the ancient world. The chapter treats the complex roots of theological encyclopedia in humanist ideas on scholarly method, early modern Protestant guidebooks to the study of theology (including loci communes or theological commonplaces), and related bibliographic surveys known as historia literaria, undertaken as a response to the early modern explosion of knowledge. In particular, the concepts of ‘theology’ and ‘encyclopedia’ are elucidated as means of organizing knowledge. Development of these concepts is discussed from the periods of Reformation and orthodoxy—particularly via Philip Melanchthon (1497–1560) and Andreas Hyperius (1511–64)—through eighteenth-century German pietism and finally J. G. Herder (1744–1803). These are contrasted with other ventures like the French Encyclopédie.
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.