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Theology and the University in Nineteenth-Century Germany$
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Zachary Purvis

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198783381

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783381.001.0001

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The Speculative Trajectory

The Speculative Trajectory

(p.166) 8 The Speculative Trajectory
Theology and the University in Nineteenth-Century Germany

Zachary Purvis

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the major school of speculative theology as a response to Schleiermacher’s programme. For Hegel’s sympathizers, Schleiermacher represented a false start. In the first half of the nineteenth century, especially in the 1830s and 1840s, a broadly Hegelian group of theologians aimed to challenge Schleiermacher’s historical programme, develop a theological notion of the ‘concept’ (Begriff), and so alter the entire shape and character of university theology in Germany. The chapter concentrates on the schemes of four influential figures who championed speculative views: Carl Daub (1765–1836), Philipp Marheineke (1780–1846), Karl Rosenkranz (1805–79), and David Friedrich Strauss (1808–74). The resulting vision of academic theology—which redefined theology’s branches in subjection to a speculative philosophy of religion—largely abandoned the educational task of preparing clergymen for pulpit and pastoral duties, subverting the very arguments by which theology had retained its position among the university faculties.

Keywords:   G. W. F. Hegel, Carl Daub, Philipp Marheineke, Karl Rosenkranz, D. F. Strauss, speculative theology, Hegelianism, philosophy of religion, concept, Begriff

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