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Oxford Studies in Metaethics11$
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Russ Shafer-Landau

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198784647

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784647.001.0001

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Proleptic Reasons

Proleptic Reasons

Chapter:
(p.129) 6 Proleptic Reasons
Source:
Oxford Studies in Metaethics
Author(s):

Agnes Callard

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784647.003.0006

Sometimes we engage in a pursuit before we can fully access its value. When we embark upon, for example, the project of coming to appreciate classical music, we make a foray into a new domain of value. The chapter introduces a new kind of reason—a proleptic reason—to rationalize such large-scale transformative pursuits. The proleptic reasoner is aware of the defect in her appreciation of some value, and feels the need to improve. It is explained that the work done by proleptic reasons cannot be done by more familiar kinds of reasons. The implications of proleptic rationality for reasons-internalism are considered. Internalists hold that what I have reason to do can be arrived at by a procedurally rational extrapolation from my current desires. However, because the act of learning some new form of valuation cannot be analyzed as satisfying the values one already has, proleptic reasons are not internal.

Keywords:   value, rational, desire, internal reasons, transformative

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