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The Aid LabUnderstanding Bangladesh’s Unexpected Success$
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Naomi Hossain

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198785507

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785507.001.0001

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From Malthusia to the Bangladesh Paradox

From Malthusia to the Bangladesh Paradox

(p.23) 2 From Malthusia to the Bangladesh Paradox
The Aid Lab

Naomi Hossain

Oxford University Press

This chapter outlines the pathway to human development that Bangladesh has taken, reviewing the stages in the political settlement from pre-Independence through to the turbulent early 1970s, examining the effects of the 1970 Bhola cyclone, the aftermath of the bloody war of liberation from Pakistan in 1971, and the emergence of the idea of Bangladesh as a Malthusian ‘basket case’. It outlines the policy ruptures that started with its fifteen years of military rule in the wake of the 1974 famine. It concludes with a review of the human development gains in the quarter-century of multiparty rule, during which time its national project of human development started to show results.

Keywords:   Bangladesh liberation war, ‘basket case’, Bhola cyclone, colonialism, human development, Millennium Development Goals

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