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The Aid LabUnderstanding Bangladesh’s Unexpected Success$
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Naomi Hossain

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198785507

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785507.001.0001

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The Breaking of the Patriarchal Bargain and the Emergence of the ‘Woman Issue’

The Breaking of the Patriarchal Bargain and the Emergence of the ‘Woman Issue’

(p.75) 4 The Breaking of the Patriarchal Bargain and the Emergence of the ‘Woman Issue’
The Aid Lab

Naomi Hossain

Oxford University Press

Chapter 4 explores the origins of Bangladesh’s relatively advanced policies regarding women in the development project, which it traces to the perception that the economic basis for customary gender relations had broken down irretrievably in the wake of the war and the famine. The break had its roots in a longer process of agrarian crisis, but was triggered in particular by mass wartime rapes and the emergence of a distinct population of women without male protection in the early 1970s. Following Deniz Kandiyoti, this moment of rupture is analysed as the ‘breaking of the patriarchal bargain’. From this moment, several of the key orientations towards gender-aware public policies and programmes emerged.

Keywords:   patriarchal bargain, gender relations, rape in war, citizenship, agrarian change, purdah, masculinities, Women in Development, Vulnerable Group Development, social protection

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