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The Globalization of HateInternationalizing Hate Crime?$
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Jennifer Schweppe and Mark Austin Walters

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198785668

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785668.001.0001

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National Monitoring of Hate Crime in Europe

National Monitoring of Hate Crime in Europe

The Case for a European Level Policy

(p.213) 13 National Monitoring of Hate Crime in Europe
The Globalization of Hate

Michael Whine

Oxford University Press

European states have been required to collect and publish hate crime data since 2003, but the legal obligation was only agreed in the 2008 Council Framework Decision, which defined a common criminal approach and the basis for cooperation. The Decision was subsequently approved in two investigations commissioned by the European legislative and administrative institutions. The 2012 Victims’ Directive now strengthens the 2008 Decision and seeks to put victims’ rights at the heart of the criminal justice system. FRA and OSCE reports note, however, that many states still fail to monitor and publish hate crime data. Since 2013, the EU has therefore assisted Member States to fulfil their obligations by offering training for police and prosecutors, issuing advisory publications and promoting examples of best practice. States’ failures to properly transpose and implement the agreements are due to long-standing political and judicial traditions and practices which they are unwilling or slow to change.

Keywords:   hate crime, data, Framework Decision, Victims’ Directive, training, implementation

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