Towards a Restorative Approach to Combating the Globalization of Hate
This chapter questions the emerging orthodoxy that hate crimes should be tackled by enacting (international) laws that increase the punishments of individuals found guilty of hate-motivated offences. Instead, it is argued that greater focus should be given to dialogical processes that focus on inter-group communication centred on identity difference, hostility, and harm. The chapter argues that one way this can be achieved is through the advancement of restorative justice practices which can be utilized for different levels of violence. These include: micro-level incidents (inter-personal crimes between community members); meso-level conflicts (identity-based conflicts involving groups of people or entire communities); and macro-level violence (involving systemic abuse and state actors). The chapter concludes that these dialogical practices are better positioned to increase our understanding of hate-based conflicts and therefore are more likely to be effective at resolving the differing (though intersecting) manifestations of hate that affect communities globally.
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