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DystopiaA Natural History$
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Gregory Claeys

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198785682

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785682.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2021

The Caveman’s Century

The Caveman’s Century

The Development of Totalitarianism from Jacobinism to Stalinism

(p.113) 3 The Caveman’s Century

Gregory Claeys

Oxford University Press

The study of modern despotisms has usually focused on Stalinism and National Socialism. This chapter commences with the prototype of terror during the French Revolution and then examines the origins and development of Stalinism, the subject of much twentieth-century literary dystopianism. The focus is on how the regimes usually termed ?totalitarian? used fear to create and maintain their power, and how this fear became so extreme and so destructive. The aim is to establish how the paranoid, persecutory psychology of dystopian groups outlined in earlier chapters, and in particular expressions of secular religiosity, provide key insights into the mentality of this regime.

Keywords:   French Revolution, Stalinism, terror, totalitarian regimes, fear, secular religiosity

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