The Introduction outlines recent theories of violence, linking them to histories of war. Against the case put forward in the historiography, which has emphasized the continuity of both the conduct and consequences of military conflict, the study argues that the period between 1792 and 1815 revolutionized warfare in Germany, leading to the introduction of conscription, mass armies, and new ways of making war. The Napoleonic Wars and their aftermath encouraged more and more contemporaries to consider war as something fundamentally different from peace, helping to distinguish the nineteenth century from the eighteenth. Here, theories of violence, killing, death, pacification, civilization, suffering, and emotions are examined in the context of military conflict.
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