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Hybrid Phonons in Nanostructures$
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Brian K. Ridley

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198788362

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788362.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2021

Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
Hybrid Phonons in Nanostructures
Author(s):

B. K. Ridley

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788362.003.0001

Advances in nanotechnology have produced structures a few molecular layers thick of crystalline semiconductors, and this has led to new challenges in the physics of solids. The semiconductors have been predominantly those of Group IV and Group III-V compounds, cubic with tetrahedral bonding. In particular, the confinement of electrons, resulting in the quantization of their motion, has produced novel electrical and optical properties and, as such, has defined the nomenclature as quantum wells, quantum wires, and quantum dots. The acoustic and optical waves of the lattice also suffer confinement, and the resultant change in their properties has to be taken into account in the treatment of the electron–phonon interaction. The electron–phonon interaction is central in determining both electrical and optical properties, so acquiring an understanding of the effect of confinement is of prime importance....

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