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Andrew M. Steane

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198788560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788560.001.0001

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Zeroth law, equation of state

Zeroth law, equation of state

(p.52) 6 Zeroth law, equation of state

Andrew M. Steane

Oxford University Press

The definition of empirical temperature is carefully explained, through the use of the zeroth law of thermodynamics. The equation of state (relating temperature to other state variables) is introduced. The ideal gas is formally defined. Some example equations of state are given, for a gas, thermal radiation, a solid at high pressure (Murnaghan equation), a spring, an ideal elastic, and a paramagnet. Magnetism is introduced, with the definition of magnetization, and Curie’s law. The principles of thermometry are outlined.

Keywords:   Zeroth law, temperature, equation of state, ideal gas, Murnaghan equation, magnetization, Curie’s law, thermometry

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