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Liberty IntactHuman Rights in English Law$
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Michael Tugendhat

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198790990

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790990.001.0001

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Sovereignty and Revolution

Sovereignty and Revolution

(p.159) 12 Sovereignty and Revolution
Liberty Intact

Michael Tugendhat

Oxford University Press

The revolutions in England in 1642 and 1688 and the enthronement of William and Mary in place of James II by the Bill of Rights 1689 were justified by the principle of the sovereignty of the people, as explained by Hume, Blackstone, Condorcet, Burke, and others. The people were represented by a Convention Parliament, or ‘the Lords and Commons’ (without the monarch). The principle had previously been used to justify the trial and dethronement of Charles I. The principle of the sovereignty of the people developed in the English revolutions was also used to justify the revolutions in the British American colonies in 1776, in France in 1789 and 1792, and in Ireland in 1922. Parliament recognized the sovereignty of the people in the Irish Free State Constitution Act 1922.

Keywords:   Bill of Rights Act, Hume, Blackstone, Condorcet, Burke, sovereignty of the people, Convention Parliament, Lords and Commons, Charles I, Irish Free State

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