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Royal Favouritism and the Governing Elite of the Spanish Monarchy, 1640-1665$
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Alistair Malcolm

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198791904

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198791904.001.0001

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Personal Rule, 1643–8

Personal Rule, 1643–8

(p.63) 3 Personal Rule, 1643–8
Royal Favouritism and the Governing Elite of the Spanish Monarchy, 1640-1665

Alistair Malcolm

Oxford University Press

For five years after the withdrawal of Olivares, Philip IV did his utmost to rule without a valido. However, it was widely understood that he held a special affection for don Luis de Haro. This chapter seeks to chart Haro’s gradual political ascent in the context of the fortunes of other ministers, such as the royal confessor, the Inquisitor-General, the grandees, and Haro’s two uncles the counts of Castrillo and Monterrey. The disgrace of noblemen such as don Jerónimo de Villanueva, and the duke of Híjar, not to mention Olivares himself, as well as the rise and fall of don Juan Chumacero, are specific instances of the king’s failure to stand by his ministers. Haro’s position, though apparently established by the raft of appointments and titles that were accorded to him in 1648, could never be completely secure.

Keywords:   Híjar, faction, Castrillo, Monterrey, Medina de las Torres, María de Ágreda, grandees, Lérida, Chumacero, confessor

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