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The Past, Present, and Future of Theologies of Interreligious Dialogue$
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Terrence Merrigan and John Friday

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198792345

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198792345.001.0001

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Discerning Comparison

Discerning Comparison

Between the Garland of Jaimini’s Reasons and Catholic Theology

(p.164) 10 Discerning Comparison
The Past, Present, and Future of Theologies of Interreligious Dialogue

Francis X. Clooney, SJ

Oxford University Press

This chapter offers a comparative study of the Garland of Jaimini’s Reasons (14th century), a classic Hindu text which emerged within Mīmāmsā, the primary school of Hindu liturgical theology, and several similarly basic introductory Christian theological texts, namely, the Decretum of Gratian (twelfth century), the Sentences of Peter Lombard (1096–164), and the Catechism of Peter Canisius (1521–97). These texts, which serve as summations and distillations of their traditions, are studied with particular attention paid to their treatment of divinity. This exercise in comparison highlights the possibilities and limitations inherent in learning from true religious “others” who are inaccessible to straightforward borrowing, and the importance of discernment as an essential tool in comparative work that promises to progress in a theologically significant way.

Keywords:   Mīmāmsā, Garland of Jaimini’s Reasons, Hindu liturgical theology, Mādhava, Vedic ritual, comparative theology, Jaimini, Peter Canisius, Peter Lombard, Gratian

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