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The Strains of CommitmentThe Political Sources of Solidarity in Diverse Societies$
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Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198795452

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795452.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 December 2021

Solidarity and Conflict

Solidarity and Conflict

Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Access to Citizenship, Civic Integration Policies, and Multiculturalism

(p.327) 12 Solidarity and Conflict
The Strains of Commitment

Irene Bloemraad

Oxford University Press

Is solidarity in immigrant-receiving societies linked to policies of citizenship, civic integration, or multiculturalism? This chapter concludes that generous access to citizenship and adoption of multicultural policies promote immigrants’ democratic and civic inclusion and likely increase democratic solidarity with native-born residents. Civic integration policies probably do less to enhance solidarity between immigrant-origin minorities and the majority population unless they are accompanied by public support for pluralism. All three policies have few direct effects on redistributive solidarity, and their indirect effects are too remote to identify. But if citizenship and multiculturalism can promote solidarity, there is no evidence that solidarity is a precondition for inclusive citizenship and diversity policies. Instead, political conflict may be critical in raising the saliency of diversity, while longstanding minorities’ earlier political victories, if institutionalized, create openings for more generous conceptions of national identity that widen the circle of membership—and perhaps solidarity—to include immigrants.

Keywords:   citizenship, civic integration, multiculturalism, immigrants, national identity, conflict, legitimacy

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