The philosophical analysis of Chaucer-type utterances, highly controversial in some respects, does agree on four common features: (i) Doing, (ii) Phrasing, (iii) Naming, and (iv) Securing. With these core aspects in mind, it is possible to explore systematically the variety of ways in which poets have diverged from the austere form of the Chaucer-type: keeping the act present but using the future or past tense; keeping the first person but making it implicit; dropping the first person altogether; naming the act but performing it with the whole poem; leaving the act unnamed; stretching the relation between naming and doing. So the blend of poetry and philosophy gives us a deep appreciation of the resources that poets draw on when deploying the Chaucer-type and its variants.
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