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Poverty Reduction in the Course of African Development$
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Machiko Nissanke and Muna Ndulo

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198797692

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797692.001.0001

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Who Remained in Poverty, Who Moved Up, and Who Fell Down?

Who Remained in Poverty, Who Moved Up, and Who Fell Down?

An Investigation of Poverty Dynamics in Senegal in the Late 2000s

Chapter:
(p.183) 8 Who Remained in Poverty, Who Moved Up, and Who Fell Down?
Source:
Poverty Reduction in the Course of African Development
Author(s):

Hai-Anh H. Dang

Peter F. Lanjouw

Rob Swinkels

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797692.003.0008

Assessment of poverty dynamics can usefully inform poverty reduction policy, notably for the design of social protection interventions, but require panel data. Without actual panel data for Senegal, this chapter applies new statistical methods to construct synthetic panel data from cross-sectional household surveys in 2005 and 2011 to study poverty transitions. In marked contrast to the picture obtained from cross-sectional data, the results suggest much mobility in and out of poverty during this period. More than half the population experiences poverty transition and more than two-thirds of the extreme (food) poor move up one or two welfare categories. Factors such as rural residence, disability, exposure to some kind of natural disaster, and informality in the labour market are associated with heightened risk of falling into poverty, while the opposite holds for factors such as belonging to certain ethnicities, migration, working in the non-agricultural sector, and having access to social capital.

Keywords:   poverty dynamics, mobility, transition, extreme poor, food poor, social protection, poverty reduction, household survey, synthetic panel, Senegal

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