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Complementary Protection in International Refugee Law - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Complementary Protection in International Refugee Law

Jane McAdam


This book considers the legal obligations countries have to people who do not meet the legal definition of a ‘refugee’, but who have been forcibly displaced from their homes. This is known as ‘complementary protection’, because it complements the central international instrument in this area, the 1951 Refugee Convention. Chapter 1 identifies pre-1951 examples of complementary protection, demonstrating how the content of the status afforded to extended categories of refugees was historically the same as that granted to ‘legal’ refugees. It traces unsuccessful attempts at the international and E ... More

Keywords: refugee law, complementary protection, 1951 Refugee Convention, legal refugees, Qualification Directive, ExCom Conclusion, subsidiary protection, CAT, ECHR, ICCPR, CRC, international protection, non-refoulement

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2007 Print ISBN-13: 9780199203062
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203062.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jane McAdam, author
Associate Professor, University of New South Wales