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War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559$
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Steven Gunn, David Grummitt, and Hans Cools

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199207503

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207503.001.0001

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Military Institutions and Fiscal Growth

Military Institutions and Fiscal Growth

(p.20) 2 Military Institutions and Fiscal Growth
War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559

Steven Gunn (Contributor Webpage)

David Grummitt (Contributor Webpage)

Hans Cools (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyses the development of military and fiscal institutions in England and the Netherlands. Their armies were composed of different mixtures of noble retinues, militias, garrison and artillery forces, mercenaries, auxiliaries, and standing companies; their navies likewise a blend of converted merchant ships and purpose-built warships. It was England that developed the more permanent navy in this period, the Netherlands the more permanent army. Their arsenals, navies, and logistics showed some signs of increasing bureaucracy. War drove on fiscal expansion and demesne revenues, taxation, coinage debasement, and borrowing were all exploited as rulers sought to construct a tax state. The process involved tense negotiation with their subjects in representative institutions, and rebellions and showed clear limits to the growth of state power.

Keywords:   armies, artillery, bureaucracy, demesne revenues, logistics, mercenaries, navies, rebellions, taxation, tax state

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