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International Crimes and the Ad Hoc Tribunals$
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Guénaël Mettraux

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199207541

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207541.001.0001

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General Remarks – The Creation and Jurisdiction of the ad hoc Tribunals

General Remarks – The Creation and Jurisdiction of the ad hoc Tribunals

(p.3) 1 General Remarks – The Creation and Jurisdiction of the ad hoc Tribunals
International Crimes and the Ad Hoc Tribunals

Guénaél Mettraux

Oxford University Press

On February 22, 1993, the United Nations (UN) Security Council set up an international criminal tribunal pursuant to Chapter VII of the UN Charter. This tribunal was given the authority to prosecute and judge serious violations of international humanitarian law committed on the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991, including war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity. On November 8, 1994, the Security Council created another international tribunal for the purpose of prosecuting persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of humanitarian law in Rwanda in 1994. Ratione personae, the jurisdiction of both ad hoc tribunals, is limited to natural persons and excludes any official privileges or state immunities that such persons might otherwise have enjoyed before domestic courts.

Keywords:   ad hoc tribunals, jurisdiction, ratione personae, United Nations, humanitarian law, genocide, war crimes

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