Prudentius was a Christian Latin poet at the turn of the 4th and 5th centuries, Spanish by birth, and much beloved in the Middle Ages for his poem, Psychomachia, which, with psychological insight and highly sophisticated Latin, recounted an epic struggle between personified virtues and vices. It played no small part in helping the early and high Middle Ages organize their moral thinking. Its poetry and perceptions still had pulling power in the 13th century, and was identified by Ruotger in an important passage, where he implies that he knew Bruno personally and well (at least in his later years), as the vital text in Bruno's formation. This chapter discusses the two principal reasons why Bruno should have remained so attached to Prudentius, especially Psychomachia, to the degree that he would talk about the subject to Ruotger in what must have been the later years of his life.
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