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Why People Get LostThe Psychology and Neuroscience of Spatial Cognition$
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Paul Dudchenko

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199210862

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210862.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 July 2021

The hippocampus as a cognitive map

The hippocampus as a cognitive map

(p.115) Chapter 6 The hippocampus as a cognitive map
Why People Get Lost

Paul A. Dudchenko

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a consideration of H. M., a patient who developed a profound amnesia following the removal of a portion of his hippocampus. Findings from H. M. led to the distinction between different types of memory, and also spurred experimental interest in the hippocampus. Pioneering experiments by John O'Keefe led to the discovery of place cells — neurons within the hippocampus then fire in specific places. Together with Lynn Nadel, O'Keefe reviewed the literature on the hippocampus and proposed an influential theory on the neuroscience of spatial cognition in The Hippocampus as a Cognitive Map. The chapter considers this work, and updates their review of the findings from experiments in which the hippocampus is removed. It concludes with a consideration of alternative views of the hippocampus, and the evidence of impaired spatial abilities in human amnesiacs.

Keywords:   cognitive map, hippocampus, place cells, H. M, amnesia, neuropsychology, neuroanatomy, John O'Keefe, Lynn Nadel

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