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Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy$
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Alan Corney

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199211456

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.001.0001

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Optical double resonance experiments

Optical double resonance experiments

(p.534) 16 Optical double resonance experiments
Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Alan Corney

Oxford University Press

This chapter explains the excitation of atoms by polarized resonance radiation and their interaction with static and radio-frequency fields, known as optical double-resonance. The Brossel-Bitter experiment on mercury vapour is discussed and classical and quantum mechanical theories of the effect are developed. The phenomena of radiation trapping and coherence narrowing are explained, and the effect of collision broadening is examined. Experiments involving intensity-modulated light are reported, and the density matrix formulation of optical double-resonance experiments is developed.

Keywords:   optical double-resonance, Brossel-Bitter experiment, radiation trapping, coherence narrowing, collision broadening, intensity modulated excitation, density matrix formulation

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