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Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy$
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Alan Corney

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199211456

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.001.0001

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The hyperfine structure of atoms and its investigation by magnetic resonance methods

The hyperfine structure of atoms and its investigation by magnetic resonance methods

Chapter:
(p.661) 18 The hyperfine structure of atoms and its investigation by magnetic resonance methods
Source:
Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy
Author(s):

Alan Corney

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.003.0018

This chapter develops the theory of the hyperfine structure of atoms involving nuclear magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments. The Zeeman effect in weak, intermediate, and strong magnetic fields is considered. The experimental measurement of the hyperfine structure of ground state atoms by the techniques of optical pumping, atomic beam magnetic resonance, and optical double resonance is explained. The caesium beam atomic clock, the importance of hyperfine structure experiments in hydrogen, and the investigation of hyperfine structure of excited states are discussed.

Keywords:   hyperfine structure, magnetic resonance, nuclear magnetic dipole moments, nuclear electric quadrupole moments, Zeeman effect, optical pumping, atomic beam magnetic resonance, optical double resonance, caesium beam atomic clock, hyperfine structure of hydrogen

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