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Frontiers of Violence in North-East AfricaGenealogies of Conflict since c.1800$
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Richard J. Reid

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199211883

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211883.001.0001

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The Empire of Haile Selassie, c.1900–74

The Empire of Haile Selassie, c.1900–74

Chapter:
(p.129) 6 The Empire of Haile Selassie, c.1900–74
Source:
Frontiers of Violence in North-East Africa
Author(s):

Richard J. Reid (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211883.003.0007

This chapter offers an examination of the imperial order created by Menelik and maintained for more than half a century by Haile Selassie. As in the nineteenth century, this was an empire defined by militarized and violent borderlands—both internal and external. Internal fissures in particular were exposed during Italy's brief invasion and occupation; in time, major insurgencies were brewing in the north and in the east. The Ogaden had become one of the most fertile frontiers in the region, while Eritrean nationalism coagulating into a more potent force, in large part owing to the dismantling of the Eritrean–Ethiopian federation. In the meantime, a rebellion in Tigray—the Woyane—was the outcome of several decades’ accumulated grievance, and a harbinger of what was to come. The Ethiopian empire was once again haunted by shifta violence, a recurrent theme through this chapter.

Keywords:   Haile Selassie, borderlands, Italy, Ogaden, Eritrean nationalism, Woyane, shifta, federation, insurgency

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