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Frontiers of Violence in North-East AfricaGenealogies of Conflict since c.1800$
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Richard J. Reid

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199211883

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211883.001.0001

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Revolution, ‘Liberation’, and Militant Identity, 1974–91

Revolution, ‘Liberation’, and Militant Identity, 1974–91

Chapter:
(p.173) 7 Revolution, ‘Liberation’, and Militant Identity, 1974–91
Source:
Frontiers of Violence in North-East Africa
Author(s):

Richard J. Reid (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211883.003.0008

The key purpose of this chapter is to examine the nature and impact of the Derg regime under Mengistu Haile Mariam between the mid-1970s and 1991, and the eruption of a series of revolts and the waging of guerrilla war against it. The exercise of violence by the Mengistu state represented continuity from earlier eras; the emergence of ethnically rooted and nationalist armed ‘liberation’ movements can be seen as resulting from processes of violence and counter-violence with their roots in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, as well as being the products of cultures of brutality facilitated by more recent regimes. The main movements under examination are the Oromo Liberation Front, the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), and the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF). Particular emphasis is placed on the difficult relations between the TPLF and the EPLF, and on Eritrea as the epicentre of much of the region's violent instability.

Keywords:   Derg, Mengistu Haile Mariam, ethnic nationalism, revolt, guerrilla war, Oromo Liberation Front, Eritrean People's Liberation Front, Tigray People's Liberation Front

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