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RevelationFrom Metaphor to Analogy$
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Richard Swinburne

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199212460

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212460.001.0001

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Moral Teaching

Moral Teaching

(p.289) 11 Moral Teaching

Richard Swinburne (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Humans are subject to four kinds of moral obligation: necessary obligations, obligations necessary unless God dispenses us from them, obligations imposed by God on all humans, and obligations imposed by God on some humans. God's reasons for imposing an obligation may be either to coordinate the performance of our obligations, or to get us to engage in acts which otherwise would be only supererogatory in order to make us naturally very good people. This chapter examines some of the currently controversial claims of traditional Christian morality (about sexual matters, abortion, and the ordination of women) and some claims controversial in the past (about usury and slavery). It argues that in general, they are either necessary truths or such as God had some reason to make obligatory (at least for past generations). Hence, it is plausible to suppose that in general these traditional claims are revealed truths.

Keywords:   abortion, God, morality, ordination of women, sexual morality, slavery, usury

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