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RevelationFrom Metaphor to Analogy$
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Richard Swinburne

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199212460

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212460.001.0001

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Analogy and Metaphor

Analogy and Metaphor

(p.38) 3 Analogy and Metaphor

Richard Swinburne (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Words in two sentences are used univocally if (and only if) there are the same syntactic and semantic criteria for their use; analogically if there are largely the same criteria; equivocally if there are largely dissimilar criteria. Following J. Ross, the chapter claims that having the same syntactic criteria consists of having the same synonyms, antonyms, determinates, and determinables. An analogical sense of a word may be a literal sense which it may have in many different sentences. A metaphorical sense of a word is a new sense generated by the meaning of the type sentence (in which the word occurs) and a new context. Metaphorical sentences have truth-values.

Keywords:   equivocal, J. Ross, univocal, syntactic, semantic

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