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Somoza and RooseveltGood Neighbour Diplomacy in Nicaragua, 1933-1945$
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Andrew Crawley

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199212651

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212651.001.0001

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A New Neighbour Takes Charge, 1935–1936

A New Neighbour Takes Charge, 1935–1936

(p.98) 4 A New Neighbour Takes Charge, 1935–1936
Somoza and Roosevelt


Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that by the beginning of 1935 the positions of the main factions within Nicaragua were explicit. According to Lane, Somoza was ‘definitely determined to be the next president’. There was also a shift in the political distinctions within the country. What used to be a prime division between Liberals and Conservatives became a distinction between a gobernista or Somocista. It became a struggle for the US how to handle the fragile political condition to avoid being accused of intervening in Nicaraguan affairs and adhere to the policy of good neighbour. Despite the violence that erupted in Nicaragua, presidential elections were held on 8 December 1936 without incident. Somoza ran for president against the Arguello-Espinosa ticket, Somoza won and was inaugurated as president of Nicaragua. The chapter shows the part that Guardia played in the election.

Keywords:   Nicaragua, Lane, Somoza, Liberals, Conservatives, gobernista, Somocista, good neighbour, Arguello-Espinosa, Guardia

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