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The Clerical Profession in the Long Eighteenth Century, 1680-1840$
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W. M. Jacob

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199213009

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213009.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 March 2021

Pluralism and Non-Residence

Pluralism and Non-Residence

(p.95) 4 Pluralism and Non-Residence
The Clerical Profession in the Long Eighteenth Century, 1680-1840

David Albert Jones

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the definition of pluralism (the holding of more than one ‘cure of souls’ simultaneously), and its relationship to non-residence (not residing in the parsonage house of the parish of which one has the cure of souls). It considers the extent of pluralism and non-residence in the established Church, and regional variations of its incidence in England and Wales, and the attempts made by successive archbishops and bishops to monitor and manage pluralism and non-residence, and to eliminate pluralism and non-residence. The reasons for the relatively high incidence of pluralism and non-residence are investigated, and the emerging patterns of pluralism and non-residence arising from small endowments for parishes, and consequent risk of poverty among the clergy, are examined. The impact of pluralism and non-residence of incumbents of parishes on their pastoral efficiency in their parishes is also discussed.

Keywords:   pluralism, cure of souls, non-residence, parishes, pastoral care, expenses, incomes

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