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The Clerical Profession in the Long Eighteenth Century, 1680-1840$
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W. M. Jacob

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199213009

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213009.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 March 2021

Life in a Parish

Life in a Parish

(p.144) 6 Life in a Parish
The Clerical Profession in the Long Eighteenth Century, 1680-1840

David Albert Jones

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the means by which clergy managed their glebe, whether by cultivating it themselves or letting it, and the means by which tithes were collected. It discusses the extent of their involvement in the agricultural economy of their parishes. It examines the evidence for the size and construction of clergy's parsonage houses, and the steps that were taken from the 1770s to build or improve parsonage houses to promote the residence of incumbents in their parishes. The evidence of the lifestyle of incumbents is investigated, along with the role and position of clergy wives, the provision of support for clergy widows, and the position of clergy in local society. The levels of expenditure of clergy are examined, especially in relation to the overheads in collecting tithe and cultivating glebe, taxation, and charity for the poor of their parishes.

Keywords:   glebe, tithe, agricultural economy, parsonage houses, lifestyle, clergy wives, clergy widows, society, taxation, charity

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