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OrangutansGeographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation$
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Serge A. Wich, S Suci Utami Atmoko, Tatang Mitra Setia, and Carel P. van Schaik

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199213276

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 October 2021

Parasites and their impacts on orangutan health

Parasites and their impacts on orangutan health

(p.157) CHAPTER 10 Parasites and their impacts on orangutan health

Ivona Foitová

Michael A. Huffman

Nurcahyo Wisnu

Milan Olšanský

Oxford University Press

Good health results from homeostasis: the balancing, through continuous interaction, of an organism’s myriad dynamic physiological processes. Parasitology allows us to gain important information not only about the types of parasites which are infecting individuals but also about their general condition. By comparing the health of wild and semi-wild orangutans, at different sites under varying degrees of human pressure, this chapter builds a picture of the factors affecting health in these two equally important populations. Our unique approach enables us to investigate whether complex aspects of ethology and ecology influence parasite infections and how parasites may have an impact on whole ecosystems, out of all proportion to their relative size. It is hoped that these efforts will lead to an improved understanding of how best to promote the long-term survival of all orangutans.

Keywords:   orangutan, health, parasites, host–parasite dynamics, homeostais, ethology, ecology

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