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Taming Balkan NationalismThe Habsburg ‘Civilizing Mission’ in Bosnia 1878-1914$
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Robin Okey

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199213917

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213917.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 December 2021

Background to a Mission: Pre-Austrian Bosnia and the Powers

Background to a Mission: Pre-Austrian Bosnia and the Powers

(p.1) 1 Background to a Mission: Pre-Austrian Bosnia and the Powers
Taming Balkan Nationalism

Robin Okey (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

In a memorandum to the European powers of 21 April 1878, making the case for a Habsburg occupation of Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Austro-Hungarian foreign minister, Gyula Andrássy, argued that an autonomous Bosnia-Herzegovina lacked the means to overcome internal divisions and maintain its existence against its neighbours. According to Andrassy, only a strong state could initiate the internal development of these lands, establish equality before the law, eliminate murder and rapine, and advance trade and agriculture in an environment of stability and progress. This chapter confirms Karl Sax's 1864 observation on the essence of the nationality problem in Bosnia: the conjunction of ethnical uniformity and political division. It also shows how this situation had evolved and why Austria-Hungary felt it convenient that mere allusion to contemporary notions of civilizing mission could legitimize its takeover of two provinces from a friendly power.

Keywords:   internal divisions, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Austria, Hungary, Gyula Andrassy, nationality, ethnical uniformity, political division, autonomy

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