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A Country Merchant, 1495-1520 – Trading and Farming at the End of the Middle Ages - Oxford Scholarship Online
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A Country Merchant, 1495-1520: Trading and Farming at the End of the Middle Ages

Christopher Dyer


A wool merchant on the edge of the Cotswolds, John Heritage of Moreton in Marsh, traded between 1498 and 1520, and kept a record of his business in an account book. At this time commerce played a major role in English society, and although the wool trade was in decline, Heritage was still active in gathering wool from the producers and supplying the London merchants who sent it overseas. He was also making large profits from farming, by grazing large flocks of sheep and selling wool and animals. The general trends in society that are illuminated by this one trader include the importance of the ... More

Keywords: commerce, wool trade, farming, peasants, enclosures, community, family, individualism, profit, villages

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199214242
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214242.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Christopher Dyer, author
Emeritus Professor of Local History, University of Leicester